Baourakis G. (ed.).
The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union: New market trends Chania : CIHEAM
Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 29 1998
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--- Agiovlassiti O. Implemen tation of n ew common fish eries policy ( C.F.P.) . In : Baourakis G. (ed.).
The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union: New market trends. Chania : CIHEAM, 1998. p.
133-142 (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 29)
-Directorate General of Fisheries Acquaculiure, fishery policies.
of a of the of it was called
it, the Community as a
whole would be its in
the many fish stocks
was established in 2983 of
(EEC) No 170/83.
The is one with EC States, all aspects and
stages of the fishing the
The and applied by all
The fishing (3) main :
Fishing fleets. These include dl in EC
of vessels is estima.ted at 98,950, and 1991, of
the at about 7 million tonnes.
This of fish, shellfish and
The main species of :
clams, is estimated at about 1 million
of This all which
that the in the best possible condition.
and aims of of
of a steady supply of of
this adopted at
the designation of fishing zones and of stocks still
and less defined concept.
of the move
zones to 200 nautical miles, The
coastal States that by
in the face of dwindling stocks.Only 6 of
in of 1977.
in the at the beginning of
* The of adopted by the Council in 1970, based
0 1970 of financial to
of and to of living
* and of
with and so that
0 The of vessels to fish in of EC
the of the fishing agenda
because of the fishing of
The most development was the suspension of to
of 10 and the of bands of coastal of 6, and in specific
cases 12 and those who had
The is 6 of (EEC) No
3760/92, with until 31 2002. a
extension of 6 to 12
EC in 1.3 Second 1983
in the development of the of :
(a) the time the of upon
and management of fish stocks in EC
exception of the of this it
of stocks that could be caught.
(b) In addition, 1983 the
fleet and of this
1986 is of
on of EC
of the EC is estimated at at 7% of
of EC at 290,000 1991.
Thus t h i s of a
as follows : The EU of its fleet and a
on the concept of a total allowable catch (TAC) of
2. NEW C.F.P.
2002, the 1990
0 Access EC vessels
of The achievement of
of of the
the new at of in
line with available and
All of of
among which the following may be mentioned:
(EEC) No 3760/92. This and
and of the
(EEC) No 2081/93. This of
and and in conjunction with the
(EEC) No 2082/93. This is
of in conjunction with the
No 3699/93. This is down
Community assistance in
(EEC) No 2847/93. This is
of application and of
(EEC) No 1626/94. This is with the
of in the the
the time, of of the new in the
3. OF C.F.P.
3.1.Access to fishing grounds
of to of is
end of 2002.
is not EC
in the coastal of to do so. set out in
No 3760/93, which stipulates the nationality of in, and in some cases, the time of at
This to sudden influx of of the
the delicate balance beheen local boats and local stocks. Not
only does the of but it helps
that f i s k g an essential of the local economy.
the Council of of a
examines the economic and social situation of
application of to within the 12-mile belt.
has to fish is limited.
Box, off of Scotland. The of licences; closely 128
allowed to fish
A of of
in Community and EC in
will have to have a licence. The licence wllicontain minimum
w i l l
At this point it should be mentioned that the possession of a licence
3.2. of living and of fish stocks
At the basis of of the state of fish stocks.
the case of the Atlantic, the Sea this
by its Scientific, Technical and
of the Community
the mesh size of fishing nets and the minimum size of
0 of of fishing zones
exception of the Sea, has been based on the concept of a total allowable catch
in Stock levels mually,
On the basis of the
of catches that can be made is taken by the EC
in 1992 of No 3760/92, the
management of annual - economic and social in
of in fishing.
of Sea and
This is mainly due only
of the EC of the
of 100 species of fish
being taken in
in of to
of which is not in some cases, is not
it seems that in
this effective management.
Since 1990 the Commission has EC
trying system involving all
0 The employment of 110,000
0 The existence of 50,000
0 The total catch landed at about two million tonnes
0 Some species such as if
than the Atlantic
0 of of and
In 1992, The to of the Community a
that deal with the of
This of in June (EEC)
No 1626/ 94.
The banning of that
minimum of fish
The establishment of young fish may develop safely.
in the development of with the
as possible, To this end, it an of the
and hopes soon to be a full
3.4. Control of fishing activity
and amounts being fished, the quality and tonnage of landings, and apply penalties.
of applications of of
Thus the Commission's own 21, have the task of
In 1993 the Council of the new fishhg
(EEC) No 2847/93 contains many elements.
of the to
the level of national penalties and use of new technology such as satellites.
element of this is that
in length have to keep a log-book showing, in of each species caught and the amount
The of fish landings at
of sales at
the new which
include confiscation of fishing nets, of fish caught and even of of fishing licences.
a. The fleet
The main objectives of :
0 To establish a
0 To so as to
To of dependent on fishing
Although EC to meet the objectives of date of the Seventies, it was only in 1983 that with
and the Commission) on
An the the
1991, the capacity of by 3% in tonnage
and 2% in
by the Council of
The actions aimed at the of the :
e of fishing vessels
0 of of with
e Equipment of so as to facilities
0 and of
and of vessels
by the national and Community budgets.
The main objectives of
e The of the Community's deficit in
of job in
Since 1983, the implementation of EU in
led to of the extension of this of sea fish
human consumption. New methods of and salmon in
developed. This development is also due in
of a decade of in is in total
6,100 tonnes in 1980 to 45,000 tonnes 1995.
c. Processing and
Fish and shellfish caught at must be
by aim of which is to and
to new EC hygiene and public health.
and auction halls
1993, of the Community's funds This to
into one fund which is
This of the policy.
of ' l ' l
31.12.1993 of of and
not included in financial
demands, must be
of in with the new
The of six (6) (1994-1999)) was
by the EC on 1994 and hancial of 200 million ECUs
the Commission and the national funds in it.
At the basis t w ~
Comcil of the Sea
with 4 of (EEC) No 2080/93, an amount equal to 2% of of the
scientists and of the a call
of Some of the thematic objectives of
0 Assessment of in in
the knowledge of them is limited
0 Collection of data on all aspects of on the detailed
composition of Community fleets and catches, in to enable scientists, politicians
0 The socio-economic impact of the due to the application of policy and
0 The and is in
As of the of and in of to fishing
activities as a whole and the facts show that
at the end of the decade of the
is and than that which
might have been achieved, and the existence of
The established 1992 and now in of implementation
is expected to alleviate many of is,
too to assess the outcome of
The New Common : of 1994.
170/83, 3760/92, 2080/93, 2081/93, 2082/93, 3699/93, 2847/93, 1626/94.
on of on the Scientific Basis of
-27 1996, pp. 61.
of 1st 9