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The protective effect of naringin, the main grapefruit polyphenol, on atherosclerosis development and identification of the underlying mechanisms


Academic year: 2021

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HAL Id: hal-02746890


Submitted on 3 Jun 2020

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The protective effect of naringin, the main grapefruit

polyphenol, on atherosclerosis development and

identification of the underlying mechanisms

Dragan Milenkovic, Audrey Chanet, Catherine Bennetau- Pelissero, Annie

Bérard, André Mazur, Christine Morand

To cite this version:

Dragan Milenkovic, Audrey Chanet, Catherine Bennetau- Pelissero, Annie Bérard, André Mazur, et al.. The protective effect of naringin, the main grapefruit polyphenol, on atherosclerosis development and identification of the underlying mechanisms. ICTRNH 2013 Second International Congress of Translational Research in Human Nutrition Integrative Approaches in Nutrition Research, Mar 2013, Clermond-Ferrand, France. 2013. �hal-02746890�




Authors and addresses: Dragan Milenkovica, Audrey Chaneta, Catherine Bennetau-Pelisserob, Annie M. Bérardc, Andrzej Mazura, Christine Moranda


INRA, UMR 1019, UNH, CRNH Auvergne, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand ; Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand


Université de Bordeaux - ENITA Bordeaux 1, cours du Général de Gaulle 33 175 Gradignan cedex, France


ERU « Facteurs de risque vasculaires », CHU-Université de Bordeaux, case 49, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux, France

Presenting author: Dragan Milenkovic

Abstract: Animal studies, clinical trials and epidemiological data suggest a protective role of dietary

flavonoids against cardiovascular diseases. In humans, consumption of flavanones, a subclass of flavonoids specific to Citrus fruits, has been associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease. Antihypertensive and hypolipidemic actions of flavanones have been reported. However the

molecular mechanisms that underlie their antiatherogenic action were not demonstrated. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-atherogenic effect of naringin in a mouse model of

hypercholesterolemia (mice fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet) and decipher its molecular targets in aorta using nutrigenomic approach.

Male mice (20 per group) were fed a diet containing 15% fat, 1.25% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid supplemented or not with 0.02% naringin. After 16 weeks, plasma lipids and antioxidant capacity, as well as inflammatory and endothelial function markers were measured. Quantification of lipid accumulation in aortic root was done by quantitative planimetry. The RNAs were isolated from aorta and nutrigenomic approach used to identify changes in gene expression.

Naringin supplementation at 0.02% (wt/wt) in diet for 18 weeks reduced plaque progression by 41% compared to controls. Naringin reduced plasma non-HDL-cholesterol concentrations and biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction. Microarray studies performed on aortas demonstrated differentially expressed genes encoding proteins involved in cell adhesion, actin cytoskeleton organization or focal adhesion. Expression profile of these genes suggests limited immune cell adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs) and infiltration in the intima of vascular wall. This hypothesis was strengthened by in-vitro experiments on ECs using naringin metabolites at physiologically relevant concentrations. These metabolites significantly reduced monocyte adhesion to TNFα-activated ECs. Exposure of both monocytes and ECs to naringin metabolites potentiated their inhibitory effect on monocyte adhesion, suggesting that monocytes may also be targets for naringenin metabolites. Gene expression analysis, using low-density arrays, revealed modulation of expression of atherogenesis-related genes, in particular those involved in docking structures formation or cell adhesion. In conclusion, this study revealed antiatherogenic effect of dietary naringin could be linked to its effect on gene networks and cell functions related to leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration and consequently affecting endothelial cell function involved in the early steps of atherosclerosis development

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