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# Show that lcm{1,2

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MATH-GA2210.001 : Final Exam, May, 11, 2016 Lecture notes are authorized.

The exam is posted online on May, 11, 2016, by 7 pm.

The copies should be sent by mail (either a scan, or a pdf file) to alena.pirutka@gmail.com

The deadline to send the corrections is May, 12, 2016, 7pm.

1. (a) Recall that

ψ(x) = X

n≤n

Λ(n).

Show that

lcm{1,2, . . . , n}=eψ(n),

where the left hand side is the least commun multiple of the integers 1,2, . . . , n.

(b) Show that

eψ(2n+1) Z 1

0

xn(1−x)ndx

is a positive integer. Deduce that

ψ(2n+ 1)≥2n log2.

2. (a) Let K = Qpp), where ζp is a primitive pth root of unity. Show that [K :Qp] =p−1 and that this extension is totally ramified.

(b) (*) Which quadratic extensions of Q2 are ramified ? 3. Let K =Q(√

−31). Let α= 1+

−31

2 .

(a) DetermineOK and disc(OK).

(b) Determine the ideals ofOK containing 2or3. Among these ideals, which are principal (resp. prime) ?

(c) Decompose the ideals (2), (3), and (α) as a product of prime ideals in OK.

(d) Determine the groupCl(OK).

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