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Academic year: 2021



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of theory in child development through the 1'èadings conceming the Canadian children around them.

Janet Vacca Rhode Island College T. H. McLeod, ed. POST SECONDARY EDUCATION IN A TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY. (L'enseignement post-secondaire dans une société technologique). McGill - Q,,""'s University Press, Montreal, 1973. 247 pp.

$7.50 paper, $13.75 cloth. Post-Secondary Education in a Tecknological Society is comprised of papers prepared for the Nuf-field Canadian Seminar held at Cap-Rouge, Quebec, 25-27 June 1971 together with a summary by the editor T. H. McLeod.

ColIectively the papers repre-sent a wealth of information for persons interested in comparative education or for those charged with planning post secondary ed-ucation facilities. Each paper, with the exception of the summary, is statistical in nature and attempts to present facts without philo80-phicaI reasonings for their exist-ence. This accumulated data faUs into four categories: coat, goals, manpower and accessibility. With regard to cost, there is little con-sensus except 10 note that "the honeymoon is over." The open hand appears to he c10sing as so-ciety scrutinizes the social benefits it is said 10 receive from education. An examination of the goals of post secondary education, the sec-ond of the four points, spotlights the shift from an approach de-signed to service the intellectual elite to a far broader base. This expanded role is however fraught with problems as the universities attempt to main tain a balance be-tWeen community involvement and complete academic independence free from external influence and control. The third major point ex-amined is the relationship hetween

education and manpower needs. There appears to he no immediate relationship between general in-creases in educational opportunity and increases in productivity or ag-gregate income of the community. The problem May be two fold: on one hand there is the difficulty in finding accurate manpow.er fore-casts and on the other there is the sluggishness of the university community to respond to public need.

On the last point, student ac-cessibiIity, there were Many defini-tions of "right" and "'privilege." Universal accessibility was less popular than an elitist policy whose roots lie in the high sehaol system. This policy has imposed strains on the present system as noted in the paper, Post-Secondary Education in Can.adtJ, which quotes liherally from the Parent· Commis-sion's report. In some cases this dichotomy of thought has produced a tertiary system, such as the A ustralian Colleges of Advanced Studies, in an attempt to provide higher education for larger num-bers of students.

Many of the problems encount-ered by the several countries repsented at the Conference are re-markably similar - for example the surplus of Ph.D's in pure and applied sciences and the difficulty of undergraduates in the arts se-curing a position. Perhaps now that the problems and interests have been established the solutions can he collectively found 1

John B. GradweU McGill University J. M.Paton. CONCERN AND COMPETENCE IN CANADIAN EDUCATION. D. A. Maclver, ed. Toronto: Fac. of Ed., University of Toronto, 1973. 151 pp. $7.50.

This anthology of essays reflects, to use two of the words of the book's title, the intelligent concerJ& and literary competence of a sehol-ar-philosopher whose four decades


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