• Aucun résultat trouvé

The effect of one year of second-language immersion school program on cognitive development


Academic year: 2021

Partager "The effect of one year of second-language immersion school program on cognitive development"

En savoir plus ( Page)

Texte intégral



The results showed no significant group differences in any of the executive and attentional measures applied .

Table 1. Comparison between the two groups on attentional and executive tasks

CR = correct response ; NCM = non corrected mistakes; TR = time response ; ns = non significative


The purpose of the present study was to determine if children enrolled in a Dutch immersion program for one year outperform monolinguals in tasks assessing different executive functions (EF).

METHODS Immersion group

- 40 French-speaking children - Grade 1 (6 years old)

- Attend Dutch immersion classes since kindergarten (K3)

Control group

- 37 French-speaking children - Grade 1 (6 years old) - Attend monolinguals classes


Experimental tasks :

- Selective auditory attention - Divided attention

- Flexibility – verbal modality (V) & non verbal (NV) - Inhibition – NV & V (+ semantic traits)

- Working memory


After one year of school immersion in Dutch, no cognitive advantage seems to be observed for the immerged children. We hypothesised that the level of mastery of Dutch is not yet sufficient after one year of linguistic immersion in order to develop enhanced control attention skills.

Address for correspondence: Sophie Gillet, Department of Psychology : Cognition and Behaviour, (PsyNCog) . University of Liege, Place des orateurs, 1, 4000 Liège, BELGIUM. E-mail: s.gillet@ulg.ac.be

1Department of Psychology and Cognition: University of Liège, Liège, Belgium

Sophie Gillet1, Cristina Barbu1, Bwetol Nkiani1, Audrey Gonzalez1,& Martine Poncelet1

The ability to master different languages has been positively linked to advantages in measures assessing attentional or/and executive skills (Adesope, Lavin, Thompson & Ungerleider, 2010). These positive effects have been observed in different types of populations : elderly, adults and children. An increased number of studies have investigated these aspects in early and/or simultaneous bilinguals but very few have tried to assess children learning in a second language immersion school program. While some of these studies found no advantages after 6 month of immersion (Carlson & Meltzoff, 2008), others observed an advantage after 8, 20 months (Kalashnikova & Mattock, 2014) and 3 years (Nicolay & Poncelet, 2013 ; 2015) of immersion in comparison to monolinguals. In this last study, immerged children (English) outperformed monolinguals in selective attention, divided attention and flexibility. We used the same tasks to assess children enrolled in a Dutch immersion school for one year.


Adesope, O.O., Lavin, T., Thompson, T., & Ungerleider, C; (2010). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the cognitive correlates of bilingualism. Review of Educational Research, 80, 207-245.

Carlson, S.M., & Meltzoff, A.N. (2008). Bilingual experience and executive functioning in young children. Developmental science, 11, 282-298.

Kalashnikova, M., & Mattock, K. (2014). Maturation of executive functioning skills in early sequential bilingualism. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 17(1), 111-123. 10.1080/13670050.2012.746284

Nicolay, A.-C., & Poncelet, M. (2013). Cognitive advantage in children enrolled in a second-language immersion elementary school program for 3 years. Bilingualism: Language and

Cognition, Available on CJO doi:10.1017/S1366728912000375.

Nicolay, A.-C., & Poncelet, M. (2015). Cognitive benefits in children enrolled in an early bilingual immersion school: A follow up study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18 (4), 789–795.

Two groups matched on: - age - sociocultural level - sport practice - processing speed - nonverbal reasoning - verbal intelligence


Documents relatifs

In a Swedish study of shipyard workers musculoskeletal disorders attributable to heavy physical workload, particularly LBP, had not disappeared three years after

Goal content, the degree to which goals were perceived as being shared by members of the same cohort (social sharedness), perceived control over goal attainment, success in

An interesting conclusion is that the nonequilibrium corrections to the Sutherland-Einstein relation are related to the time correlations between the so-called dynamical activity

Varroa destructor / Africanized honeybees / mite reproduction / hygienic behavior / grooming behavior / resistance / population

BIM model is so the rich information available through BIM model can be managed and used for advanced analysis in real estate valuation, such as using BIM for quantity

2- False, she took part in a crossword puzzle contest for juniors.. 3-

Une étude de 2010 suggère que plus de la moitié des patientes ont une préférence pour les cicatrices transversales basses, pouvant plus facilement être dissimulées

Spectroscopical mass - surface gravity and radius Evolutionary mass - coming from the BONN models. Brott

Keywords: High contrast imaging, exoplanets, phase-mask coronagraphy, optical vortex, polarization, liquid crystal polymers, photonics crystals, subwavelength gratings.. Further

Our LC model is a cellular automata (CA)‐based model that is applied to simulate urban expansion in Wallonia, as an example case study, for time intervals 1990–2000 (calibration)

While diering substantially between high-track and low-track students, results conrm our expectations: rst, social capital matters independently of human and nancial capital;

In this study, we aim to document how Turkish-Dutch bilingual children’s scores in norm-referenced Dutch and Turkish language proficiency tests (CELF and TEDIL, respectively,

Using life cycle assessment methodology, this study analyzes the impact of water reuse irrigation and farmers ’ practices in greenhouse cucumber production.. Three scenarios

I surveyed all of the Grade 11 students (n = 29) who were enrolled in  the  secondary  French  immersion  program  between  October  2001 

Cette dernière part du principe que les présidents américains, au cours de leur(s) mandat(s), sont confrontés à deux présidences : une sur le plan économique et

La programmation militaire de la France Jacques Fontanel Arès, Défense et Sécurité Sixième loi de programmation des équipements militaires (1987-1991) Arès, Défense

Les enseignants ayant eu une formation sur le TDA/H, le définissent avec plus de précision (22 mots en moyenne) qu’un élève n’ayant pas eu de formation (17 mots) : en effet, ils le

Cet article vise à étudier quelques aspects de la revitalisation linguistique du basque en analysant les capacités langagières atteintes en basque L2 à l’âge de cinq et huit ans

The metric (5) used to evaluate the analytical model implemented in the TPS was the difference of the irradiance Irr value obtained by both analytical and

Même si ces travaux sont avant tout l’accomplissement des étudiants, ils n’ont pu se concrétiser que moyennant l’implication majeure des promoteurs, lecteurs, membres du jury

You will be asked to make provision for a new basic skills development program, a junior vocational school and a new directorate in the Department of Labour

Given such emphases, the use of corpus data has become increasingly appealing in the context of L2 writing instruction, where the simultaneous focus on vocabulary, grammar, and

Second, achievement of learning objectives was evaluated by the program directors and teaching staff, according to a global grid integrating recommendations from educators,