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Where is the Semantics and Where Do We Want it to Be? Let the Flaming Begin!

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Where is the Semantics and where do we want it to be? Let the flaming begin!

Pablo N. Mendes

Abstract. Researchers interested in Semantic Web and Linked Data have put a great deal of e↵ort in capturing, representing and sharing knowledge. Information Extraction research, in turn, has advanced tech- niques for using all of this materialized knowledge to better analyze meaning in natural language, as well as to expand and improve the avail- able sources of semantic knowledge.

We have shared large cross-domain knowledge bases [4], enriched them with linguistic and distributional information [7, 5, 2] and created contin- uous evolution feedback loops that connect knowledge bases and relevant textual sources [3]. Enabled by these knowledge bases, we proposed live monitoring of concept streams [6], concept-based analysis of opinions [1]

and message authoring guidance applications [8], among others.

These are only a few examples of what seems to be a common thread for most of the work in our research community: the challenge to understand pieces of information and relate them to each other in a way that is meaningful for a task at hand. But perhaps an even more central aspect in our community is our focus on building and sharing knowledge sources that will generalize beyond the specific application for which it was built.

How well have we been doing at that?

I argue that, even though we have made great progress, we have much more ground to cover. There is still a great deal of knowledge that re- mains hidden in our algorithms and applications. In this talk I discuss a few core “semantic analysis tasks” and invite the community to a (per- haps heated) conversation about how much knowledge should be shared in our knowledge bases, which formalisms should we use, which reasoning algorithms might be appropriate, and how can we evaluate the usefulness of our knowledge sources.

References

1. Anni Coden, Dan Gruhl, Neal Lewis, Pablo N. Mendes, Meena Nagarajan, Cartic Ramakrishnan, and Steve Welch. Semantic Lexicon Expansion for Concept-based Aspect-aware Sentiment Analysis. InESWC 2014 Concept-Level Sentiment Analysis Challenge, 2014.

2. Joachim Daiber, Max Jakob, Chris Hokamp, and Pablo N. Mendes. Improv- ing efficiency and accuracy in multilingual entity extraction. In Marta Sabou, Eva Blomqvist, Tommaso Di Noia, Harald Sack, and Tassilo Pellegrini, editors, I-SEMANTICS 2013 - 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems, ISEM

’13, Graz, Austria, September 4-6, 2013, pages 121–124. ACM, 2013.

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3. Mih´aly H´eder and Pablo N. Mendes. Round-trip semantics with Sztakipedia and DBpedia Spotlight. InProceedings of the 21st World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2012, Lyon, France, April 16-20, 2012 (Companion Volume), pages 357–360, 2012.

4. Jens Lehmann, Robert Isele, Max Jakob, Anja Jentzsch, Dimitris Kontokostas, Pablo Mendes, Sebastian Hellmann, Mohamed Morsey, Patrick van Kleef, and S¨oren Auer. DBpedia - A Large-scale, Multilingual Knowledge Base Extracted from Wikipedia. Semantic Web Journal, 2014.

5. Pablo N. Mendes, Max Jakob, and Christian Bizer. DBpedia for NLP: A Multilin- gual Cross-domain Knowledge Base. InLREC’12, Istanbul, Turkey, may 2012.

6. Pablo N. Mendes, Alexandre Passant, Pavan Kapanipathi, and Amit P. Sheth.

Linked open social signals. In 2010 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence, WI 2010, Toronto, Canada, August 31 - September 3, 2010, Main Conference Proceedings, pages 224–231, 2010.

7. Andr´es Garc´ıa-Silva Pablo N. Mendes, Max Jakob and Christian Bizer. DBpedia Spotlight: shedding light on the web of documents. InProceedings the 7th Interna- tional Conference on Semantic Systems, I-SEMANTICS 2011, pages 1–8, 2011.

8. Pablo N. Mendes and Chris Kau and Alfredo Alba and Steve Welch and Daniel Gruhl and Neal Lewis and Clemens Drews. You ain’t from around here, are you? Message authoring guidance in social media. In Semantic Web Challenge at ISWC’2014, October 2014.

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