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Range expansion of the pine processionary moth under climate change: Research directions on the responses to thermal heterogeneity

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HAL Id: hal-02738806

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Submitted on 2 Jun 2020

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Range expansion of the pine processionary moth under climate change: Research directions on the responses to

thermal heterogeneity

Mathieu Laparie, Alain Roques, Christelle Robinet

To cite this version:

Mathieu Laparie, Alain Roques, Christelle Robinet. Range expansion of the pine processionary moth under climate change: Research directions on the responses to thermal heterogeneity. Colloque Na- tional du Groupement de Recherche Invasions Biologiques, Oct 2014, Rennes, France. 88 p., 2014, Col- loque National du Groupement de Recherche Invasions Biologiques, GdR 3647 Invasions Biologiques.

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Liste des participants

83

POSTER

POSTER

Laparie M

1

, Robinet C.

1

, Roques A.

1

1

INRA UR0633, Unité de Recherche de Zoologie Forestière (URZF), Orléans, France

P OSTER 11 R ANGE EXPANSION OF THE PINE PROCESSIONARY MOTH UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE : RESEARCH DIRECTIONS ON THE RESPONSES TO THERMAL HETEROGENEITY Climate warming is assumed as the main factor driving rapid expansion of the pine processionary moth in Europe, by broadening habitat suitability during its winter development. Nonetheless, the way this insect deals with climate heterogeneity at the range edge has not been fully untangled. Yet, this is critical to understand its sustained expansion despite conditions close to developmental limits during uneven years or stochastic extreme events.

Mitigating responses range from gregarious life in sheltering silk tents to

prolonged diapause, which ensures recruitment of individuals even following

years of extreme larval mortality (uneven winter near distribution margins). It

may also include physiological plasticity and its evolution across the expansion

succession due to positive selection on thermal tolerance. The ecological

relevance of such responses directly depends on local conditions and their

predictability, which vary along altitudinal and latitudinal gradients, or from

oceanic to continental climates. The heterogeneity of climate through space

and time therefore appears as a critical selective pressure on pine

processionary moth’s life histories. Its rapid expansion may consequently

promote differentiation of populations throughout its range. This poster will

detail research directions of a new project aiming at investigating the

mechanisms of such responses and associated variability. It should ultimately

allow testing the spatio-temporal structuration of the variation observed

within and among populations. Untangling how pine processionary moth’s life

histories are impacted by climate heterogeneity and expansion history may

prove being crucial for (1) understanding success or failure under challenging

conditions, and (2) improving predictive models of phenology and expansion.

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