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Social Development and Source Communities: How Mobile Workers Spend Time in their Permanent Place of Residence

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(1)

Joshua Barrett

Department of Geography

Memorial University of Newfoundland June 3, 2016

Social Development and Source Communities:

How Mobile Workers Spend Time in their

Permanent Place of Residence

(2)

Outline

—  Research Project

— 

Research Questions

— 

Case Study

— 

Methodology

—  Investments of Time in Source Communities

— 

Volunteerism

— 

Community Engagement

— 

Friends and Family

—  Implications

— 

How does E-RGM affect a worker’s involvement in their community?

— 

How does E-RGM affect community development?

(3)

On the Move Partnership

— 

Working in seven

Canadian provinces and abroad

— 

British Columbia

— 

Alberta

— 

Ontario

— 

Quebec

— 

Nova Scotia

— 

Prince Edward Island

— 

Newfoundland and Labrador

— 

Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, the United States

— 

Multiple sectors

— 

Oil and gas

— 

Mining

— 

Nickel processing

— 

Retail service

— 

Health

— 

Construction

— 

Trucking

— 

Shipping

— 

Tourism

— 

Forestry

— 

Fisheries

(4)

Research Questions

1. 

What factors influence a worker’s decision to stay in their source communities and commute rather than relocate closer to their worksite?

2. 

How do mobile workers invest their time in their source communities?

3. 

How do mobile workers financially invest in their source

communities?

(5)

Case Study

(6)

Methodology

—  Distributed 400

questionnaires to nickel processing employees, 131 were completed

—  21 semi structured interviews conducted

—  Participant observation

Long Harbour, NL (Hall, 2014)

(7)

Source Communities

(Butters, 2016)

(8)

Work Schedule of Respondents

53%

15%

31%

1%

Work Schedule of Questionnaire Respondents

12 hour rotational (day and night shifts)

12 hour day rotational, 4 days on/4 days off

8 hour Monday-Friday day shift No response

12 hour rotational day and night shift schedule operates on a 28-day cycle: 4-6-4 4-6-4

(9)

Volunteerism and Community Engagement

Do you spend less, the same, or more time volunteering and participating in community events since you have started working at the nickel processing facility?

Amount of Time Percentage of Respondents Less time 26%

Same time 36%

More time 1%

Not applicable 34%

No response 3%

Amount of Time Percentage of Respondents Less time 29%

Same time 41%

More time 6%

Not applicable 22%

No response 2%

Volunteering Community Engagement

(10)

Volunteerism

Response Activity Number of People

Yes 37 (28%)

Recreation 23

Church 9

Other 9

School programs 6 Fire department 6 Lions/Service Club 2 Municipal Politics 2

No 94 (72%)

Have you volunteered in your local area in the past six months?

That limits it. We’re trying to get involved with some things […]

you don’t have much time

besides the weekends and that’s usually running errands

(LES20151109).

(11)

Community Engagement

Activity Number of Respondents

Recreation 68

Community Festivals 50 Holiday Parades and Festivities 43

Fundraisers 27

Church 20

Other 5

Bingo 2

No response 36

Areas questionnaire respondents participate in their local area.

The Works – a large recreation facility in St. John’s (The Works, 2016).

(12)

Time Spent with Friends and Family

Do you spend less, the same, or more time with friends and family since you have started working at the nickel processing facility?

Amount of Time Percentage of Respondents Less time 44%

Same time 31%

More time 22%

Not applicable 1%

No response 2%

Amount of Time Percentage of Respondents Less time 39%

Same time 32%

More time 27%

Not applicable 1%

No response 1%

Friends Family

(13)

Examples

James Lincoln

—  Lives in Blaketown (35km away)

—  8-hour Monday-Friday shift

—  Plays basketball weekly

—  Volunteers with

children’s program

—  Volunteers with church

—  Lives in Paradise (108km away)

—  12-hour rotating shift

—  Unable to attend

community events due to work/commute

—  Quit recreation

commitments due to tiredness from work/

commute

(14)

Implications for

Community Development

—  Commuting allows Vale plant workers to remain in their permanent place of residence

However…

—  A combination of the commute and the work

schedule prevents many from being active in their community

—  Can negatively affect relationships with other

community members, camaraderie, and sense of

place in their community

(15)

Key Points

—  Source communities for Vale plant workers are

distributed all across NL, with 52% located in the St.

John’s CMA

—  Vale plant workers typically volunteer less than the provincial average (28% vs. 46%)

—  While seldom workers have more time for extra-

curricular activities, several have more time for friends and family because of the commute

—  While communities benefit by retaining their residents, the reduction of social capital can be difficult,

especially within rural regions

(16)

The  On  the  Move  Partnership  is  a  project  of  the  SafetyNet  Centre  for  Occupa9onal  Health  &  Safety  Research  at  Memorial  University.  On  the   Move  is  funded  by  the  Social  Sciences  and  Humani9es  Research  Council  of  Canada,  the  Research  &  Development  Corpora9on  of  

Newfoundland  and  Labrador,  the  Canada  Founda9on  for  Innova9on,  and  numerous  university  and  community  partners.  

Le  partenariat  en  mouvement  est  un  projet  du  Centre  SafetyNet  for  Occupa/onal  Health  &  Safety  Research  à  l’Université  Memorial.  En   mouvement  est  subven9onné  par  le  Conseil  de  recherche  en  sciences  humaines  du  Canada,  par  la  Newfoundland  and  Labrador  Research  &  

Development  Corpora/on,  par  la  Fonda9on  canadienne  pour  l’innova9on,  ainsi  que  par  de  nombreux  partenaires  et  universités.  

 

Questions?

jbarrett@mun.ca

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