( 6 ) Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Napoli “Federico II” - Complesso Universitario di
Monte S. Angelo, via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
received 10 January 2017
Summary. — In this conference proceeding we introduce **the** last **results** obtained by **the** **INDRA** **Collaboration**. Those **results** will be better explained and more detailed in **the** following report presentations of this issue and just a brief overview will be mentionned here, with only **the** main conclusions addressed. This summary is divided into two parts. **The** ﬁrst one is devoted to systematic studies on heavy-ion collisions around Fermi energy with **the** **INDRA** multidetector array. Analyses of nuclear reactions in term of dissipation, reaction mechanisms, decay modes, isospin diﬀusion, excitation energy and calorimetry will be discussed. This has been done thanks to **the** large **INDRA** data base, collected over most than twenty years now. **The** second part of this proceeding concerns analyses of data with a speciﬁc set-up: **INDRA** coupled with **the** VAMOS spectrometer. Complementary studies with full determination of all **the** particles event by event (Z, A, E, θ, φ) has been performed to access important parameters like symmetry energy, level density parameters, full decay channels (partitions), E ∗ , temperature wich are **the** main ingredients in **the** decay of hot heavy ions.

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Origins of volatile elements (H, C, N, noble gases) on Earth and Mars in light of **recent** **results** **from** **the**
ROSETTA cometary mission
Bernard Marty, Guillaume Avice, Yuji Sano, Kathrin Altwegg, Hans Balsiger, Myrtha Hässig, Alessandro Morbidelli, Olivier Mousis, Martin Rubin

Indeed on all currently operating radio detection arrays, only **the** horizontal polarizations are measured, either directly along NS and EW directions or later projected on these axes. This allows reconstructing **the** vertical electric ﬁeld component provided that **the** far-ﬁeld as- sumption is valid, but although strong hints based on **the** theories of air shower radio emission tend to sup- port this hypothesis (**the** main component should be **the** transverse current due to **the** separation of charges in **the** geomagnetic ﬁeld), **the** latter has never been experimen- tally veriﬁed. Several attempts for measuring directly **the** vertical component of **the** E-ﬁeld have been made but no convincing **results** have been shown, probably due to **the** low performances of **the** antennas used by now. We chose to reconsider **the** problem and to use 3 regular Butterﬂy antennas equipped with **the** LON- AMOS LNA, rotated twice around **the** NS and vertical axes (Fig. 3). Triggered by **the** particle de- tector, **the** 3 signals are recorded with **the** same type of electronics as for **the** standalone stations. We have now to properly deconvolve it together with **the** regular autonomous station signals recorded at **the** same time, to derive conclusions about **the** initial hypothesis.

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measurements (~120 days/yr on average over **the** last 20 years)
• Remote operation of **the** Bruker instrument is operational since late 2008 [design and implementation by Ch. Servais, ULg] => opt. obs. statistics
• In addition, grating mid-resolution spectra recorded essentially **from** 1976 to 1989 are also available, they cover narrow IR intervals specifically selected to include lines of HCl, HF, CH 4 , N 2 O…

is a solution of **the** form m(x, t) = f (x/ √ T − t) for (x, t) ∈ R N × (−∞, T ), for certain profile
f : R N −→ S 2 . Expanders evolve **from** a singular value at time T , while shrinkers evolve towards
a singular value at time T .
Self-similar solutions have brought a lot of attention in **the** study on nonlinear PDEs because they can provide some important information about **the** dynamics of **the** equation. While expanders are related to nonuniqueness phenomena, resolution of singularities and long time description of solutions, shrinkers are often related to phenomena of singularity formation (see e.g. [52, 42]). On **the** other hand, **the** construction and understanding of **the** dynamics and properties of self-similar solutions also provide an idea of which are **the** natural spaces to develop a well-posedness theory, that captures these very often physically relevant structures. Examples of equations for which self-similar solutions have been considered, and a substantial work around these types of solutions has been done, include among others **the** Navier–Stokes equation, semilinear parabolic equations, and geometric flows such as Yang-Mills, mean curvature flow and harmonic map flow. We refer to [66, 96] and **the** references therein for more details.

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To this end, **the** commission is creatively using EU state aid rules to maintain a level playing field among member states. Since 2015 it has ordered Ireland to recover €13 billion of state aid **from** Apple and issued decisions against **the** Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and **the** United Kingdom, ordering **the** recovery of an additional €2 billion. There are ongoing investigations against **the** Netherlands and Luxembourg. These cases have concerned companies such as ENGIE, Amazon, IKEA, and Nike.

Weak Consistency. Let (N, C, x) be a cost-sharing problem such that C (z) = c( P iMN z i ) for all z. Then ) i (N, C, x) = (x i / P jMN x j )C(x) for all
i 5 N.
Weak Consistency is intuitive **from** an ethical viewpoint. Perhaps more importantly, it is necessary and su!cient to rule out certain natural strate- gic maneuvers. In a context where demands cannot easily be traced to their actual consumers, a coalition of agents may contemplate merging into a sin- gle large consumer whose demand is **the** sum of **the** individual demands; dually, a single agent may split his demand between a number of “virtual” consumers. It is well known that when all goods are perfect substitutes, **the** only cost-sharing method for which such merging or splitting tactics are never proﬁtable is **the** proportional method: see for instance Moulin (2002) or, for a more comprehensive treatment, Ju, Miyagawa, and Sakai (2005).

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3 3D Track Reconstruction
**The** CCD cameras image a 2D projection (in **the** x-y plane) of a 3D track. In principle, however, **the** extent of **the** track in **the** z-direction (referred to as ∆z) is correlated with **the** temporal duration of an event as **the** ionized electrons arrive at **the** amplification region. This idea has been pursued previously (see e.g. Fetal et al. 2007 for a demonstration of PMT-based 3D tracking of ∼5 MeV alpha particles **from** a 241 Am source). Here, **the** ∆z reconstruction was performed in two ways:

Engraved plaque
Engraved plaques have also been found in Belgian Magdalenian contexts, often figurative and sometimes with abstract incised lines (possibly due to butchery rather than representing art), and including Trou Da Somme. Engraved plaques at Chaleux depict aurochs and reindeer, a plaque **from** Frontal depicts a bison, and an engraved reindeer antler **from** Nutons also depicts a bison, among other motifs (see Lejeune 1987). Two refitted fragments of an engraved plaquette were recovered **from** Trou Da Somme (Fig. 10). **The** dra- wing shows **the** left side of an animal with **the** front and back limbs and a series of curved lines represen- ting **the** hair coat hanging **from** **the** belly. A series of four rectilinear lines is directed toward **the** rear limb, one of which is in contact with **the** limb and another which crosses it. Initial interpretation considered **the** engraving to represent a rhinoceros or bison rather than aurochs, a caprid, equid or mammoth (Lejeune 1993). However, a more **recent** interpretation takes into account zooarchaeological criteria and rejects interpretation as rhinoceros or bison: rhinoceros because this species has three digits on **the** fore- and hind limbs and a marked convex ventral line and bison because it has shorter hair and **the** ratio between bison limb and body length is disproportionate with that depicted (López Bayón et al. 1997, 74). Other taxa - gra- cile herbivores, carnivores and aurochs – are also rejected based on limb length and other biomorphologi- cal traits. Instead, a series of traits, including short limb length, a long hair coat that entirely covers **the** ani- mal, hair that begins at **the** stifle and continues to **the** thigh, so that only **the** lower half of **the** limb lacks hair making details of **the** fetlock and dew-claw clearly visible, supports **the** hypothesis that **the** animal represented is musk ox (Ovibos moschatus), a species regularly found at Late Glacial sites in **the** region, Trou Da Somme included. At Goyet, a date of 12 620 ± 90 BP (GrA-3238) was obtained on musk ox bone.

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where λ is a proportional gain that has to be tuned to minimize **the** time-to-convergrence, c L s +
is **the** pseudo-inverse of a model or an approximation of **the** interaction matrix, and c ∂s ∂t an estimation of **the** target velocity. **The** analytical form of **the** interaction matrix has been determined for many possible visual features, such as image point coordinates, 2D straight lines, 2D ellipses, image moments, 3D coordinates of points, etc. **From** **the** selected visual features, **the** behavior of **the** system will have particular properties as for stability, robustness with respect to noise or to calibration errors, robot 3D trajectory, etc. It is thus extremely important to choose adequate visual features for each robot task or application. Promising **results** have been obtained recently using image moments [13]. **The** first interest of using image moments is that they provide a generic and geometrically intuitive representation of any object, with simple or complex shapes that can be segmented in an image. They can also be extracted **from** a set of image points tracked along an image sequence by simple summation of polynomials that depend on **the** points position.

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There are already some successful implementations of co-opetition in Europe. Graham (2011) introduces that **the** Culina Group has crafted a successful collaborative solution that has been embraced by both competing and non-competing dairy goods manufacturers in **the** UK. Originally formed in 1994 to provide 0-5 ◦ C temperature controlled supply chain services, **the** Culina Group now markets its services to a broad range of dairy producers, including such brands as Muller, Danone and Kraft. Each customer fills a truck with its own dairy products, and Culina then picks up **the** truckload and delivers it to its own regional distribution center. There, **the** customers’ dairy products are stored until they are combined with products **from** other manufacturers, and **the** combined truckloads are then delivered to a supermarket chain’s regional distribution center. Institute of Grocery Distribution (2011) introduces **the** cooperation relationship between two competitors: Nestlé and United Biscuits. Obstacles such as cultural, brand protection, safeguarding product integrity are resolved by a series of meetings. Successful transport sharing realized by detailed planning of **the** internal stock movement, **the** customer delivery and **the** invoicing procedure. Cruijssen et al. (2007b) present **the** case of 8 Dutch producers of sweets and candy. They consolidate and delivery their goods by 3PL on a daily basis to improve **the** efficiency of their delivery processes. **The** primary objective is reducing **the** delivery cost, but at **the** same time, **the** customer service is also improved since that **the** reduced delivery number **results** in reduction of unloading and handling costs.

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210 En savoir plus

Bruker instrument (IFS120HR), routine operation started in 1993 • For each transition (grating ↔ homemade ↔ Bruker), there
was a significant overlap (several years) between **the**
observational data sets, allowing robust intercalibration of **the** derived geophysical parameters ⇒ consistent time series

• What are **the** natural hypothesis allowing to consider games with many instantaneous jumps (which are forbidden here by assumption 1)?
6 Examples
In this section we illustrate **the** different **results** presented in **the** previous section through several examples taken **from** **recent** studies in ecology, in economics and in finance. **The** first one deals with **the** management of renewable resources in **the** case when we don’t really know what are **the** precise dynamic which governs **the** evolution of **the** resource. **The** second one is related to **the** evaluation of a call in **the** presence of barriers. Such problem can be formalized in **the** frame of hybrid differential games theory.

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θ := θ 1 + θ 2 .
2 Motivations and examples
**The** main motivation for studying **the** functionals E p comes **from** **the** study of pattern
formation in some variational models involving competition between a perimeter term and a non-local repulsive one. We refer **the** reader to [GR19, DR19] where energies related to E p are used to show that some sets are union of stripes. These functionals may also be

minimal divisor D such that ( f ) + D > 0 for every f E M . It follows directly **from** **the** definitions that for 0 we have: x(tM) = (l ) -
(t). Moreover, if 1 E then 7r( .Af) > 0 and if in addition Il is infinite
then there exists f E such that (/)00 == 7r(M), [Ma], Hilfsatz, S. 599. If F has a va,lua.tion v defined on it so that is a val- ued function field this method of associating a divisor with a finite di-