• Aucun résultat trouvé

Assessing the influence of the variability of soil surface characteristics on infiltration and runoff: an experimental approach in the lab

N/A
N/A
Protected

Academic year: 2021

Partager "Assessing the influence of the variability of soil surface characteristics on infiltration and runoff: an experimental approach in the lab"

Copied!
3
0
0

Texte intégral

(1)

HAL Id: hal-02753415

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02753415

Submitted on 3 Jun 2020

HAL

is a multi-disciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of sci- entific research documents, whether they are pub- lished or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers.

L’archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire

HAL, est

destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non, émanant des établissements d’enseignement et de recherche français ou étrangers, des laboratoires publics ou privés.

Assessing the influence of the variability of soil surface characteristics on infiltration and runoff: an

experimental approach in the lab

Mohammad Reza Mirzaei, Stéphane Ruy, Frédéric Darboux, J-Claude Gaudu, Bernard Renaux

To cite this version:

Mohammad Reza Mirzaei, Stéphane Ruy, Frédéric Darboux, J-Claude Gaudu, Bernard Renaux. As- sessing the influence of the variability of soil surface characteristics on infiltration and runoff: an ex- perimental approach in the lab. EGU General Assembly 2008, European Geosciences Union (EGU).

DEU., Apr 2008, Vienne, Austria. �hal-02753415�

(2)

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-03823, 2008

SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A-03823 EGU General Assembly 2008

© Author(s) 2008

Assessing the influence of the variability of soil surface characteristics on infiltration and runoff: an

experimental approach in the lab.

M.R. Mirzaei (1, 2), S. Ruy (1), F. Darboux (3), J.C. Gaudu (1), B. Renaux (3) (1) UMR EMMAH, INRA, Avignon, France (mmirzaei@avignon.inra.fr / Fax: +33(0)4 32 72 22 12), (2) Yasuj University, Yasuj, Iran, (3) Soil Science Lab, INRA, Orléans, France.

Soil surface characteristics (SSCs) are highly variable even at a small scale (<1m2) and the infiltration-runoff partitioning under rainfall is dependent on the spatial vari- ability and spatial structure of SSCs. For a better understanding of the influence of the variability of SSCs on infiltration-runoff partitioning, a modelling approach may be needed due to the complexity of the problem, but at the same time experiments are needed with measurements of all components of the soil water balance, namely soil water storage, drainage, soil surface detention and runoff. The aim of this paper is to describe the experimental setup and the first results of an infiltration-runoff experi- ment conducted in the lab under simulated rainfall on a 2D model of heterogeneous remoulded soil. A 50cm long x 10cm wide x 20 cm high model of soil with a wavy surface was first built. The wavy surface created 3 depressions of increasing depth (0.2 to 2.5 cm) from upstream to downstream. 3 pats of compacted soil were then in- serted at the bottom of the depression: this model was representative for a system of sedimentary crusts and undisturbed soil. 24 micro-tensiometers were inserted to mea- sure soil water matrix potentials every 10 s, and runoff flow was recorded at the same time step. Distributed drainage flow was manually measured. The soil model was then placed under a rainfall simulator using the facilities of the INRA Soil Science Lab in Orléans, France. Hydrodynamic properties of the un-compacted soil and compacted soil were measured with the Wind’s evaporation method. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the soil model was obtained at the beginning and at the end with a laser profile-meter and with a photogrammetric method. Photogrammetry was also used to

(3)

estimate the amount of water stored in depressions at the soil surface. First results show the relations between the evolution in time of the depressional water storage, the runoff flow and the soil matrix potentials. This kind of experiment provides data helpful for the validation of numerical model coupling distributed soil infiltration and distributed runoff and accounting for the variability of soil hydrodynamic properties.

Références

Documents relatifs

Returning to the soil erosion example, if climate changes such that the mean rainfall rate increases significantly, the relative magnitude of the erosion threshold decreases,

Assessing the impact of climate variability and climate change on runoff in West Africa: The case of Senegal and Nakambe River basins.H. (wileyonlinelibrary.com)

Using a regional distributed modeling approach we propose to assess the possible role of soil variability on runoff generation and catchment re- sponse during the flash flood Gard

The influence of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) variability on the atmospheric circulation is investigated in a control simulation of the NCAR Community

Unlike the isotopic content in groundwater, the difference between soil water and rainwater delta 18O (considering both mean rainwater content and monthly variations) is attributed

L’archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non, émanant des

یئاطع ءهدنشخب هک یمیرک یا یئاطخ ءهدنشوپ هک یمیکح یا و یئادج قلخ کاردا زا هک یدمص یا و یئاتمه یب تافص و تاذ رد هک یدحا یا و یئامنهار هک یقلاخ یا و یئازس ار ییادخ هک

the aim of this study was to understand how contrasting environ- ments influence the wood formation in eucalyptus clones and the effect on wood density and spatial