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Quercus ilex Extract Ameliorates Acute TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats


Academic year: 2021

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Quercus ilex extract ameliorates acute TNBS-Induced colitis in


Auteurs :

Maria Luisa Castejón , Maria Ángeles Rosillo , Isabel Villegas , Marina Sánchez-Hidalgo , Lila Hadidi , Farid Zaidi , Catalina Alarcón-de-la-Lastra Date de publication :2019/5

Volume:85 Numéro : 08 Pages : 670–677

Revue : Planta Medica Journal of Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research

Editeur : Thieme Description :

Quercus ilex L. (Fagaceae) is one of the most commonly used plants in folk medicine in the Mediterranean region to treat gastrointestinal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex on acute 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats. A polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex (250 and 500 mg/kg/day) was administered by gavage 48, 24, and 1 h prior to the induction of colitis with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid as well as 24 h later. The inflammation response was assessed by histology, myeloperoxidase activity, and Th1 proinflammatory cytokine production. The protein expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and signaling pathways were studied by Western blotting in the colon tissues. The polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex

decreased neutrophil infiltration, interleukin-1β and TNF-α production, and proinflammatory proteins cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase overexpression. Also, the polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex was capable of blocking the activation of mitogen-activated

protein kinases and nuclear transcription factor-kappa B. Furthermore, the reduction of inflammation by polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex treatment was accompanied by a recovery of Nrf2 and heme

oxygenase-1 protein expression levels. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that a polyphenol extract from mature leaves of Q. ilex improves 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis, probably

through mitogen-activated protein kinase/nuclear transcription factor-kappa B …

Nombre total de citations :Cité 3 fois 2020 Articles Google Scholar :

Quercus ilex extract ameliorates acute TNBS-Induced colitis in rats ML Castejón, MÁ Rosillo, I Villegas… - 2019


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