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Cooperation among international organizations in the digital age: lessons from international organizations’ purposes and practices in the cultural sector


Academic year: 2021

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Antonios Vlassis, Center for International Relations Studies, University of Liege, Belgium



Convention on the Protection and Promotion of

the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE)

Promote the CDCE in the digital era through

operational guidelines on digital issues

Report ‘For A Diversified Networked Culture’:

43% of respondents estimate that existing

cooperation among intergovernmental

organizations (IOs) within the CDCE



Original view on the global governance of cultural industries Networking among IOs

What are the objectives of such inter-organizational cooperation? What are the factors contributing to this novel form of cooperation? And what would be the role of networking among IOs in view of

the CDCE implementation in a context of digital transition?

IOs and CDCE meetings

 Objectives of the IOs networking

Cooperation among IOs and digital technologies  Factors leading to IOs’ cooperation behavior


A. International organizations

and CDCE

Intergovernmental organizations Number of participations (2007-2015)

Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) 14

Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie 14

Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization 9

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 7

Council of Europe 5

Latin Union 5

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 4

Commonwealth Foundation 3

Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 3

Organization of Islamic Cooperation 3

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development



B. Purposes of

inter-organizational cooperation

Four purposes


Technical assistance and policy-oriented analysis


Expert facility project, UNESCO-European Union, first

international project to make the CDCE operational at the

country level


‘Culture and development’ and the Millennium

Development Goals, 18 joint programs, financial allocation of

95.6 million USD, UNESCO-UNDP and several UN agencies


Strengthening the creative industries in five ACP

countries through employment and trade expansion,



Development of Clusters in Cultural and Creative

Industries in the Southern Mediterranean,


B. Purposes of

inter-organizational cooperation

2. Financial assistance: interregional funds and EU as a core


a. ACP Cultures+ Program, EU-ACP Group of States, 30 million euros b. Mercosur Audiovisual, EU-Mercosur, 1.5 million euros

3. Building conceptual frameworks

Creative economy reports (2008, 2010, 2013), UN multi-agency informal group on Creative Industries (UNCTAD, UNESCO, WIPO, ILO, UNDP, International Trade Center)

4. Collecting and analyzing information

UN Interagency Technical Working Group on Cultural Industries Statistics, UNDP, UNESCO Institute of Statistics, UNIDO, and the WIPO, Document: Statistics on Cultural Industries: Framework for the


C. Digital technologies in

inter-organizational cooperation

Five projects financed by ACP Cultures+, total budget of 2.5

million euros

3D Distribution Project, Capital numérique, Digital United ACP,

Caribbean Film Mart and Virtual Marketplace, Culture Works


Expert facility project, four missions dealing with digital

aspects (Honduras, Kenya, Mauritius, Seychelles)

Mercosur audiovisual program, network of 30 digital

cinema theatres


D. Factors for

inter-organizational cooperation

Domain similarity and common interests of IOs on a

specific issue

Scarcity of human, epistemic or economic resources of

an IO or the mutual dependence of resources among

IOs to address a major issue

Multidimensional, multifaceted and transnational

nature of an issue

External pressure from national governments or civil


Political leadership from an IO to create policy



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